Tuesday, July 29, 2014

Erin Palacios' view on the Scientific Method and Western Culture

PSH100A Environmental Studies
Warner Pacific College
July 28, 2014

             Aristotle is the known as the father of science and was one of the first to realize the importance of experimental measures.  He believed that only more knowledge could be gained and that was a benefit to him and his people.  Some may say that since Aristotle is the father of science that his application of the scientific method opened the door to for many centuries to come.  Aristotle would apply the method to almost anything, including poetry and astronomy.  The Greeks were even the first to subdivide branches of science into categories, including physics, biology, zoology and even poetry. 
            Aristotle’s method was to first study what others have written about a subject, then look for a general consensus of through the writings, then to perform a systematic study of all the data related to the topic.  Shuttleworth (2009) states that Aristotle’s systematic approach was likely to be the first sign of the use of the scientific method, but Muslim scholars we the key figures around the 10th century, in the growth of the scientific method.  This started the mold and use of the scientific method. 
            Now the question comes about – what exactly is scientific method?  Scientific method is the traditional approach to research.  The method consist of six steps to observe, question, generate a hypothesis, predict outcomes, test subject, and examine the results.  The method is used to observe experiments to generate results whether they are positive or negative (Laposata & Withgott, 2014, p.10-12). 
            Western culture is described as knowledge being derived from reason and reasoning is often what is created while acting out the process of the scientific method.  Western culture began in Ancient Greece just as the scientific method did.  Western culture is assimilated with the values of independence, happiness, and freedom. 
            Currently Western culture dominates in the United States, Australia and Central European nations.  Western culture is not limited to those that are Caucasian but is open to everyone. 
            Western culture in today’s time, the 21 century, has evolved because of the scientific method.  The method is not limited to just science alone.  I recently used a form of this scientific method while problem solving an issue that I have in my office through a set of questions, hypothesis and testing.  I was able to repeat my observations, which are my problem, to my training group while my teammates questioned what else is going on.  With my team I was able to get to the root cause of my problem and forecast potential solutions to help solve my problem or make it better.  Now that I have returned from training it is my job to implement and test our predictions and report back to my teammates the success or failure of our predictions. 
            When I think about the evolution of Western culture I think of Henry Ford and the trials that he went through as the creator of Ford Motor Company.  He had to test and retest after several outcomes, followed by analyzing data and findings.  Ford was an innovator and has created a legacy.  This legacy over time has gone through various series of testing and results to make the Ford better and evolve with time and technology. 
            The scientific method has afforded Western culture the opportunity to grow and evolve.  Western culture is ever changing and growing and utilized in more than just the field of science.  Aristotle started something great in Ancient Greece and we, as the Western culture, have him to thank for this great evolution. 

Laposata, M., & Withgott, J. (2014). Enviornment: The Science Behind the Stories. Glenview, IL. Pearson Education. 
Shuttleworth, Martyn. (August, 2009). History of the Scientific Method.  https://explorable.com/history-of-the-scientific-method [retrieved on July 26, 2014].
Western Culture Global. (2009). What is Western Culture? http://www.westerncultureglobal.org/what-is-western-culture.html [retrieved on July 26, 2014]

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